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What is the Impact of Parenting Styles on Child Development?

Imagine having the power to shape your neurodivergent child’s development and future success through your parenting style. Well, you do! It’s time to explore the impact of parenting styles on child development. In this post, we’ll discuss various parenting styles, their effects on kids with thinking and learning differences, and how you can adapt your approach to support your child’s growth.


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A Closer Look at the Four Parenting Styles

First, let’s understand the four primary parenting styles identified by psychologist Diana Baumrind.

These styles are:

  1. Authoritative
  2. Authoritarian
  3. Permissive
  4. Uninvolved

Each style has its unique characteristics, and your approach may fall into one or a combination of these categories. Let’s dive deeper into each style and how it influences your child’s development.

1. Authoritative Parenting

Authoritative parents find the perfect balance between setting high expectations and providing warmth and support. They establish clear rules and guidelines while also encouraging open communication and understanding their child’s needs. This style is the most effective in promoting healthy development, especially for neurodivergent kids.

Impact on Child Development:

  • Higher self-esteem
  • Better social skills
  • Improved academic performance
  • Lower risk of behavioral issues

When it comes to authoritative parenting, the key is to be firm yet understanding. This approach helps your child feel secure and supported, allowing them to develop essential life skills and a strong sense of self-worth.

2. Authoritarian Parenting

Authoritarian parents are strict, demanding, and controlling. They expect obedience without question and may use punishment to enforce rules. This style can be particularly challenging for kids with thinking and learning differences, as it may not provide the flexibility and understanding they need.

Impact on Child Development:

  • Lower self-esteem
  • Increased risk of anxiety and depression
  • Difficulty in social situations
  • Higher likelihood of behavioral issues
impact of parenting styles on child development. Two kids sit together.
Read more: What is the Best Parenting Style for ADHD?

While it’s essential to have rules and expectations, authoritarian parenting can be too rigid for neurodivergent kids. It’s important to find a balance that allows your child to feel supported and understood while still maintaining structure and discipline.

3. Permissive Parenting

Permissive parents are warm and nurturing but lack structure and discipline. They may have few rules and often give in to their child’s demands. While this style may seem appealing, it can lead to difficulties in setting boundaries and developing self-control for neurodivergent kids.

Impact on Child Development:

  • Lower self-regulation skills
  • Increased risk of impulsivity and poor decision-making
  • Difficulty with authority figures
  • Higher likelihood of academic struggles

Permissive parenting may feel like the “easy” route, but it can hinder your child’s development in the long run. Establishing boundaries and teaching self-control is essential for helping your neurodivergent child succeed in life.

4. Uninvolved Parenting

Uninvolved parents can detach and be unresponsive to their child’s needs. They may provide basic necessities but lack emotional connection and involvement. This style can be detrimental to any child’s development, especially for kids who are neurodiverse and require additional support.

Impact on Child Development:

  • Low self-esteem
  • Increased risk of mental health issues
  • Poor social skills
  • Higher likelihood of academic and behavioral problems
impact of parenting styles on child development. Two kids read a book together.

Being an uninvolved parent is not only harmful to your child’s development but also to your relationship with them. It’s crucial to be present and engaged in your child’s life, especially for neurodivergent kids who need extra support and understanding.

Adapting Your Parenting Style for Your Neurodivergent Child

Now that you understand the impact of parenting styles on child development, it’s time to reflect on your approach and make adjustments to support your neurodivergent child.

Here are some tips to help you adapt your parenting style:

  1. Embrace open communication and listen to your child’s needs.
  2. Set clear expectations and boundaries while being flexible and understanding.
  3. Encourage independence and problem-solving skills.
  4. Provide consistent routines and structure.
  5. Seek professional guidance and support when needed.

Remember, there’s no one-size-fits-all approach to parenting, and what works for one kid may not work for another kid. As a parent, it’s essential to be adaptable and responsive to your child’s unique needs. Goally can be a valuable tool in this journey, offering a learning tablet for kids and apps designed to support neurodivergent children in their development.

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Wrapping Up: The Impact of Parenting Styles on Child Development

The impact of parenting styles on child development is significant, especially for neurodivergent kids. By understanding the different parenting styles and adapting your approach to meet your child’s needs, you can help them thrive and reach their full potential. So, embrace your role as a parent and remember that your love, support, and guidance can make all the difference in your child’s development. With the help of tools like Goally, you can empower your child to succeed and grow into a confident, capable individual.

This post was originally published on 05/11/2023. It was updated on 07/24/2023.

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